"Q: Do the Amish pay taxes?
A: Yes. They pay all the taxes—income, property, sales, estate, corporate, school—that other people do. In fact many of them pay school taxes twice—for both public and private Amish schools. The US Congress exempted the Amish from participating in Social Security in 1965 because the Amish viewed it as a form of commercial insurance, which they opposed.
They believe that members of the church should care for each others’ physical and material needs. Thus, most of them do not pay into Social Security or receive payments from it. In some states, the Amish have also been exempted from workers compensation (insurance for on-the-job injuries) for the same reason. See Government for more information."
So yes, Amish do pay the same tax you and I pay except for Social Security. They were able to opt out on this one, just like I was as a teacher. I did not pay into Social Security as a teacher but I did pay into it on my all my other work in farming and consulting. I would receive full benefit if I had not taught in the public system for 31 years. Therefore I have basically no benefit from SS though I am fully vested. It affects LuAnn's retirement too, as she will receive 2/3 of my pension at my death until her death.
We saw our parents depend on their Social Security for their retirements where in contrast, we basically never planned to do that. They paid so little in compared to what they got out but when you figure inflation, I don't think they got a great deal either. Things were so cheap when they paid in 1950 and were so inflated by the time they retired at 1990 or whatever the year. They learned to live on little because they were children of the Great Depression.
Our government has raided Social Security so much that is why it will go broke, not because of the system that was set up. FDR has been applauded and ridiculed for coming up with SS, so take your pick. I never believed the government could take better care of me than I could myself. Remember "Born Free and Taxed to Death?" Render under to Caesar